Document Type

Independent Study Project

Publication Date



In this paper, I will first present the problem of global overpopulation and the solution of decreasing populations to replacement level fertility using effective family planning and contraceptive policies. I will then describe the Indian state of Kerala as a model cultural context in which fertility rates have significantly declined in recent history and explain how Kerala can provide insight into efficient family planning and contraceptive strategies. Next, I will examine extant state and non-governmental organization (NGO) family planning and contraceptive policies in in India, China, and Tanzania, and in comparison to the Kerala mode, make general recommendations on how to improve their efficacy. Subsequently, I will briefly discuss special considerations needed in approaching family planning efforts in other areas. I will finally suggest general ways in which NGO and state family planning strategies can be tailored to any cultural climate as part of a larger effort to reduce the global population growth rate.



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